There are different treatments for prostate cancer depending on the stage of your cancer. The following will help you in learning as much as possible about the treatment for prostate cancer to make the decision best fit for you. Active 1. Surveillance
Your doctor may recommend active surveillance if your prostate cancer is found at an early stage, it is growing slowly, and treating it would affect the quality of your life more than the disease.
2. Watchful Waiting
This is a way of monitoring your prostate cancer if it is not causing any problems or symptoms. The doctor keeps an eye on cancer until you get symptoms to recommend the right treatment for you.
This is the removal of the tumor to try to eliminate it before it spreads outside the prostate. The kind of surgery for your prostate cancer depends on its stage.
Surgical options are:
- Radical prostatectomy– removal of the whole prostate and the seminal vesicles.
- Laparoscopic or robotic prostatectomy– it is less invasive compared to radical prostatectomy since the doctor directs the robotic instruments to remove the prostate gland and some surrounding tissues.
4. Radiation Therapy
This is the destruction of cancer cells using high-energy rays. Radiation therapy schedule is set for a specific period of time and number of treatments. Types of radiation therapy include:
- External beam radiotherapy
To treat your prostate cancer, the oncologist uses a machine outside your body to focus high energy X-ray beams.
- Proton beam therapy
Instead of using X-rays, proton therapy uses protons at high energy to destroy cancer cells. Research shows that proton therapy has more benefits to men compare to the traditional therapy although it is more expensive.
- IMRT (Intensity-modulated radiation therapy)
Before treatment, IMRT uses CT scans to form a 3D picture of your prostate before treatment. The computer uses gathered information about location, shape, and size of the prostate cancer to determine the amount of radiation required to destroy the cancer cells.
- Permanent Seed Brachytherapy
The doctor implants tiny radioactive seeds into your prostate gland which destroys cancer cells.
Ensure that you follow-up after treatment and check out other cancer treatments on this website.